Monthly Archives: July 2013

“Hindus living in constant fear”


Ever since the Partition of British India in 1947, the minorities have continued to suffer in Pakistan. The predicament of Hindus has been worse in the country. Facing all kinds of ordeals in Pakistan, they have continued to cross over to India and seek Indian citizenship. Recently, over 483 persons have come to India via Jodhpur border . Most of them are from the Sindh province. Since 2006 at least 100 families from Balochistan have migrated to India . The Hindus and the Baloch people had lived like brothers for several decades. The situation changed during the dictatorial days of General Zaiul- Haq (1977-1988). Muhammad Akbar Notezai, a freelance journalist based in Balochistan province, spoke to R C GANJOO on the plight of Hindus in the region. Excerpts

Q : What is the total population of the Hindus and other minority communities in Balochistan ? Tell us about their status. A : It is difficult to know exactly about their total population because of their mass migration. Minority communities, especially the Hindus, have been migrating from Balochistan to escape persecution. They are passing sleepless nights due to the constant fear in the troubled province. However, Hazaras (Shiites) are Balochistan’s largest religious minority with their total population 500000 followed by Hindus and Christians at 50000 and 32 to 35000 respectively. Hazaras and the Christians are living mainly in Quetta, the provincial capital of Balochistan. Hindus are living in Balochistan’s both Baloch and Pashtun belts. In the Pashtun belt, they are living in Lorlai and Chaman districts. In the Baloch belt Hindus are living in almost all districts . It is quite pathetic that the minority communities, including the Hindus, have not been provided an equal status with the Muslims . They are treated as low castes. They cannot marry the upper caste. The Hindus can vote only for a Muslim. There are no vacations declared on the Hindus’ religious festivity days. Q : Could you tell us more on the plight of the Hindu community in Balochistan? A : After partition Hindus left Balochistan’s Pashtun belt in a large number due to religious disturbances. However, they were living quite peacefully in Balochistan’s Baloch belt. The Baloch elders had given them economic and religious freedom . Hindus started facing numerous problems in the country, especially in Sindh, when General Zia-Ul-Haq was head of the country. But Hindus had lived a peaceful life in Balochistan even in that period. Sadly, the 1990s witnessed a great nightmare for the Hindus in Balochistan. During this time, due to the “Babri Masjid” incident in India, Balochistan’s Hindus had to face wrath. They were tortured, assaulted and humiliated in Balochistan. The Hindus temples were desecrated. Hindus faced manifold problems, like abduction, religious persecution, migration and killing. All this was intensified during former dictator General Parvez Musharraf ’s regime. In the regime of President Asif Ali Zardari it was worse, Hindus would be picked up for ransom by criminal elements. Hindu girls became victim of forcible conversions in both Sindh and Balochistan provinces. Q : What about the properties of those who have fled ? A : Some Hindu houses have turned into ‘ghost houses’. In the process of migrating some Hindus could not wait for good buyers and sold their houses very cheap . There are still a few houses where aged Hindu parents are living. They have sent their children to the other safe places of Pakistan and to India. These old and infirm parents do not want to leave their ancestral houses. There is also land mafias involved in the province to threaten Hindus to leave their houses. There are the Afghan refugees who want to occupy their property . Q : Why did tribal leaders fail to protect life, honor and property of the Hindus? A : Being a journalist, I put the same question to one of the wellknown Balochistan’s intellectuals. He said, “Where are the tribal leaders in Balochistan?” All of them have left Balochistan due to the same law and order situation. They are living in Karachi or abroad. Some of those tribal leaders who could extend respect for their Hindu community are no longer living in this world. Some have become very old or lost control over their young generation. Q : Would you suggest there should be political reservation for Hindus? A : Hindus are living in Balochistan for centuries. They are sons of this soil. They are patriots. They are peace-loving people. All political parties in Balochistan and the present government should take up this issue on priority. Hindus must live in peace and tranquility again in their own land . (Courtesy to: Power Politics)

Hindus living ‘dangerously’ in Balochistan


By IANS – ISLAMABAD-19th May 2013 04:29 PM

Though Hindus have richly contributed in the economic prosperity and development of Pakistan’s restive Balochistan province since pre-partition days, they are today faced with the dilemma of survival and living “dangerously”.

Historically, it is not clear in documents to assert how and when Hindus originally settled in Balochistan. But the Balochistan-based Baloch and Hindu historians and writers agree that Hindus have been living here since time immemorial along with Buddhists, according to columnist Muhammad Akbar Notezai of the Daily Times.

He says Hindus ruled Balochistan before the invasion of the Arabs in 712 A.D.

In his article, “The Balochistan Hindus’ dilemma”, Notezai says today “Hindus are considered low caste. They are treated unequally and as second grade citizens. They are living isolated lives in their separate localities. They do not have the right to vote. The standard of their children’s education is abysmal.”

In Balochistan, Hindus have two ancient sacred places — the Hinglaj Shrine in Lasbela district, and Kali Devi, dedicated to Goddess Kali, in Kalat town.

During partition, communal riots were rampant in the subcontinent but Hindus lived harmoniously and peacefully in the princely state of Balochistan, which was under Yar Muhammad Khan, the chief ruler of the Kalat state. He respected the indigenousness of Hindus while giving them economic and religious freedom. Thus, the Hindus did not leave Balochistan during partition of the subcontinent.

Though Hindus lived amicably with the Baloch and Pashtuns, many had to leave Balochistan’s Pashtun belt to settle in Baloch-populated areas or migrated to India after partition. In 1941, the Hindu population was 54,000 in Balochistan’s Pashtun belt which soon dwindled by as much as 93 per cent after 1947.

Notezai, quoting a prominent Hindu intellectual Sham Kumar, writes that in contemporary times “Hindus are now facing a situation worse in Baloch residing places than they had to face in the past living in Pashtun residing places”.

“Because the Baloch elders, who would show great respect for their neighbourhood Hindus, are no longer living in this world, or they have become very old.”

For Baolchistan’s economic prosperity and development, Hindus have built schools, libraries and hospitals. Many of the educated Hindus have been offering services in health, education and other sectors.

The Daily Times article said it is profoundly shocking that Hindus are now living dangerously in Balochistan”.

“They cannot even perform their religious practices freely due to the nightmarish situation where they interminably fear for their lives, faith, honour and property.”

“Hindus, in spite of being Balochistan’s peaceful and largest minority, are running from their old ‘motherland’ to escape persecution, because their lives are in a precarious and worsened condition these days.”

“In Balochistan, it was the 1990s period that turned into a great conflagration for Hindus. After that, gradually the Hindus’ manifold problems, whether it was abduction, religious persecution, migration or killing, all of them have been intensifying.”

“Many Hindu families have migrated to India, inside Pakistan to Karachi, and interior Sindh. But they are economically living a pathetic life in these places. There are many more Hindus who still utter the words ‘migration’ and ‘insecurity’ in Balochistan.”

In Balochistan, there has been mass Hindu migration from the districts of Kalat, Khuzdar, Quetta, Mastung, Lasbela, Hub, Nushki, and Dalbandin.

According to Dr. Shah Muhammad Marri, a well-known Baloch historian, “This land has been burning for the last 30 years. It has become an inferno for all the castes.”

“Same is the case with the Hindus, the Christians, the Hazaras, the Baloch and the Pashtuns. All of them are migrating from pillar to post to find a safe place.”

Balochistan’s Minority Minister Basant Lal Gulshan, a Hindu, however, denies reports of Hindus migrating from Balochistan.

The government officials, on the other hand, say majority of Hindus who have been migrating from Balochistan or the country are economically sound. They see a bright future for their children in India.

“But it is worth mentioning here that 90 per cent of the Hindus of Balochistan are unsound economically. They cannot afford to leave their indigenous places and settle somewhere else, especially India.”

Notezai wrote: “… a sane person or community would never give up their connections to their place of birth until or unless circumstances compel them.”

Hindus – whose exact numbers are not known – also complain that their sufferings hardly and rarely get discussed in mainstream media. They rely on private TV channels to highlight their sufferings. Nearly 35 Hindus were killed during former dictator General Pervez Musharraf’s regime where he launched the fifth military operation against Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, the former chief minister of Balochistan.

Bugti used to keep the Hindus in proximity to his legendary fort in Dera Bugti to safeguard them from criminal elements. “That is why many Hindus, mainly women and children, were killed and sustained severe injuries in the assault against Nawab Bugti on March 17, 2005.”

To a lesser extent, the last government would also be held responsible for the Hindus’ sufferings. “That is why the incoming government should be civilised and democratically elected so that Hindus may find a solution to their tragic dilemma,” said Notezai.

(Courtesy to: The News Indian Express)

VIEW : To be a journalist in Balochistan — Muhammad Akbar Notezai


There is no journalistic activity in these districts of Balochistan: Khuzdar, Dera Bugti, Kohlu, Kalat, Panjgur, Kech, Awaran, Gwadar, Kharan and even in Quetta 

It is worth mentioning that journalism in Balochistan is becoming challenging day by day, where journalists barely and rarely dare to write and report independently. They ruthlessly receive threats from the security forces, underground organisations, sectarian organisations, political parties, student wings, etc, when they endeavour to perform their journalistic duties bravely and honestly in the restive province. Due to these reasons, in Balochistan, doing independent journalism has become a distant idea.

There is no journalistic activity in these districts of Balochistan: Khuzdar, Dera Bugti, Kohlu, Kalat, Panjgur, Kech, Awaran, Gwadar, Kharan and even in Quetta. By no journalism is meant the local reporters and journalists are bound due to various pressure groups. They cannot report about any happenings due to the threats, because nearly 33 journalists belonging to these districts have been killed cruelly. And surprisingly, so far slain journalists’ killers are not apprehended. Nor are the problems journalists face resolved.

The names of slain journalists who have been killed are: Mohammad Iqbal, Khalil Ullah Sumalani, Dr Chisti Mujahid, Khadim Hussain Sheikh, Wasi Ahmed Qureshi, Faiz Sasoli, Lala Hamid Baloch, Mohammad Khan Sasoli, Malik Mohammad Arif, Mohammad Sarwar, Ijaz Raisani, Ilyas Nazar, Wali Khan Babar, Abdost Rind, Rehmat Ullah Shaheen, Zarif Faraz, Siddique Eido, Munir Ahmed Shakir, Akhter Mirza, Javed Naseer Rind, Razak Gul Baloch, Haji Mohammad Rafique Achakzai, Abdul Qadir Hajizai, Dilshad Deyani, Abdul Haq Baloch, Khalid Musa, Abdul Ahad Baloch, Rehmat Ullah Abdi, Jamshaid Ali Karl, Saif-ur-Rehman Baloch, Muhammad Imran Sheikh, Mohammad Iqbal and Mehmood Ahmed Afridi.

Moreover, those districts of Balochistan that were previously considered to be safe for journalists are now turning into dangerous places for them to write and report from. Also, due to engagement of the security forces and the armed struggle, journalists who report endanger their lives, or sometimes, they avoid reporting so that they may not be threatened. Some journalists who have dared to report bravely have been blindfolded, tortured, and even imprisoned. One of the examples is Haji Arif (Reporter at Vash TV) from Kharan District of Balochistan, who was picked up and released soon by the security forces as they did not have evidence against him.

In rural areas of Balochistan, the problems of journalists compound further due to a lack of resources and the situation being so tense. As one of Balochistan’s renowned and senior journalists, Shahzada Zulfiqar, told this writer: “Journalists are working just like clerks and conductors in the rural parts of Balochistan. They are bound to issuing or writing about press releases, etc, not more than that. Whenever they try to write or report something independently, they get warned of dire consequences.” This is the reason their journalistic duties seem impossible to perform in the rural parts of Balochistan.

Zulfiqar further added about the security of Balochistan’s journalists: “There are no ways to be followed for the security of Balochistan’s journalists. Balochistan has become the most ‘dangerous place’ for journalists. One of my journalist friends, Malik Siraj Akbar, had to seek political asylum due to the same bad circumstances. He felt the pulse. He knew he would have no space in Balochistan. That is why he had to stay there, and not come back. But, unfortunately, all journalists cannot do so.”

In recent months, private TV reporter Jahangir Aslam and Directorate of Public Relations Balochistan Sector In-charge Abdul Wahid Baloch were heading towards their residence from Press Club in Turbat when gunmen opened indiscriminate firing on them, injuring them critically.

Moreover, a number of Daily Tawar, the well-known Baloch nationalist Urdu language newspaper, staffers, contributors and sub-editors have allegedly been killed or abducted by the security forces. Also, its office was recently raided, and the newspaper said that the security forces surrounded the office, burnt all the furniture of the office and took away the electric equipment, including fax machine, computers and electric generator. Haji Abdul Razzaq, who is a staffer at the same newspaper, was kidnapped by the security forces on March 24 and he is still missing.

In July 2009, Daily Azadi and the Daily Balochistan Express, Quetta, while on August 18, 2009, the Daily Asaap Quetta newspaper offices were forced to close their publications. And unfortunately, after the attack on the Daily Asaap Quetta newspaper’s editor-in-chief, Jan Muhammad Dashti, the newspaper had to close its publication to save the rest of the staffers.

Balochistan’s first online English newspaper, The Baloch Hal, was banned inside Pakistan by Pakistan Telecommunication Authority in November 2010.

It is also pathetic that in Balochistan, especially in its rural parts, journalists do not have any facilities available. They are hardly even paid salaries. Despite having these financial problems, they go to the intelligence agencies, separatist leaders, Sardars/Nawabs and landlords to report. Therefore, in these circumstances, their minor mistakes while reporting create countless hardships for them, and sometimes these minor mistakes get them threatened or killed.

There are several more multi-dimensional challenges being faced by journalists in Balochistan. Journalists, economically, are living a deplorable life. There are a few newspapers and TV channels in Quetta, the provincial capital of Balochistan, which pay their reporters. But even these reporters’ salaries are not the equivalent of what their counterparts are getting in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad and Peshawar.

Due to these reasons, Balochistan’s journalists have either quit the profession or they have become silent. Government has failed to ensure their safety. On the contrary, its own institutions threaten the journalists whenever they endeavour to reach the truth.

The writer is a columnist at Daily Balochistan Express, Quetta, and blogs at thttp://www.akbarnotezai.wordpress.com. He can be reached at akbarnotezai@yahoo.com and on twitter @Akbar_notezai

(Courtesy to: Daily Times)

You Can’t Lose Your Culture And Regain It: Yar Mohammad Badini


ImageBy Mohammad Akbar Notezai

Yar Mohammad Badini (also known as Yar Jan Badini) is a renowned Baloch scholar and explorer who has traveled extensively to find out about  the Baloch people living in different parts of the world. Born in Nushki area of Balochistan in 1967, Mr. Bidini is a crusader for the preservation and promotion of  Balochi language. He holds Masters degrees in Balochi literature and Mass Communications from the University of Balochistan, Quetta. He is currently the editor-in-chief of Balochi language monthly magazine called the Balochi Zind and English language daily, Balochistan Today. We spoke to him exclusively about his work, contemporary challenges and the future of Balochi. Excerpts:  

Can you please tell us about your work in detail?

In the beginning, I was a contributor to the Mahtak Balochi, a Balochi language magazine. I would interview in Balochi the cricketers, footballers. After that, I became a deputy editor at theBalochi Labzank. I would write literary topics for it. I also interviewed famous literary personalities of Balochistan and the country. In a nut shell, I have almostinterviewed hundreds of well known personalities about different topics about Balochistan, Balochi language, culture, literature, socio-economic issues and politics, etc.

Some of the famous people I interviewed include former Pakistan president Sardar Farooq Ahmed Lughari, former Balcohistan governor Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, Attah Shad, Abdullah Jan Jamaldini, Munir Ahmed Badini, Hakim Baloch, Surat khan Marri, Dr Malik Tuqi, Basheer Ahmed Baloch,  and many more interviews of the well known personalities of Balochistan. I can in fact compile a thick book of these interviews.

After offering services at Balochi Labzank for more than 10 years, I launched my own Balochi language magazine called the Balochi Zind (The Baloch Life) to bring to light  Balochistan’s, particularly Nushki, well known persons’ literary services for the Baloch nation, as well as to provide a platform to the young Baloch writers so that they may promote their language.

In the name of Azat Jamaldini, in 1999, I published the Balochi Zind’s first publication. Then gradually and slowly, I introduced the Balochi Zind to all over the world. And up till today, Balochi Zind’s members are in Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Africa, Azerbaijan, Iran, Afghanistan, etc, and even Inside Balochistan’s Makran belt. The Makran’s people especially, you know, have great enthusiasm for reading and writing Balochi.

After publishing the special edition on Azat Jamaldini, I published special editions on Mir Gul Khan Naseer, Attah Shad, Waja Muhammad Ishaq, Waja Inayat Ullah, Yousaf Aziz Magsi, Saba Dashtiyari, Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, Ghulam Muhammad Shahwani, and around 35 special editions on such important personalities.

Later on I realized that the huge number of the Balochs also lived in Sindh and Punjab. So, I visited the Balochs living on those provinces. I interviewed former care take Prime Minister Balakh Sher Mazari, Nabi Baksh Baloch, etc.

Similarly, I moved towards the other countries with the same goal just to search the Baloch people. I mean their language, literature, and culture.

Firstly, I went to Turkmenistan in October 1998. It visited five provinces. Among the provinces Mary, had 11 districts. In Mary’s, Balcohs lived in 5 or 6 districts. To my knowledge, the Baloch people’s number was one hundred thousand in those districts.
It was also surprising for me that they could speak Balochi in Rakhshabi dialect. They spoke just like the people of Nushki, Dalbandin and Kharan. They were also nomads in Mary.

They had migrated from Balochistan 100 years ago to Turkmenistan.

Which countries have you visited so far?

I have visited Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Georgia, Kenya, Iran, India, Oman, Qatar Russian Federation, Turkmenistan, Turkey, UAE, and Uzbekistan.

Could you please tell us about your visit to the Azerbaijan?Image

I visited Azerbaijan in 2012 to attend an ‘International Scientific Conference’ where 10 former presidents of the countries, 10 Noble Prize winners, 718 delegates, including me, from 60 countries of the world were present on the conference. I was only from Balochistan to speak about Balochistan and the Baloch people’s multi-dimensional challenges.

What did you talk about in your speech? 

I spoke about the refugees who migrated from Afghanistan after the invasion of the Soviet Union on Afghanistan in 1979. The Afghan ethnic groups, who migrated to Balochistan, include Pashto speaking Afghans, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Hazaras, Tajiks and other ethnic groups. They were not kept limited just to their camps, particularly in Balochistan. Due to which, gradually and slowly, Afghan refugees spread across the province. They also obtained Pakistani national identity cards-cum-passports.
The advent of Afghan refugees also brought a demographic change in Balochistan as the population of Balochistan is highly low as compared to the other provinces of Pakistan. Besides the demographic change, the Afghan refugees also brought drugs and arms along with that created lawlessness, disturbing the Balochistan’s Baloch people economically, socially and culturally.
I also discussed the Balochistan’s ‘geography’, ‘politics’, ‘history’, ‘geo-politics’, ‘socio-economic’, ‘socio-politics’, ‘resources’, etc, on the occasion.

Tell us about the rest of your trips.

AFRICA.

After publishing my special edition about the Balochs in Turkmenistan, the Balochs in Africa also invited me to publish an edition about the African Balochs. I accepted their invitation. I visited Kenya, Mombasa with a colleague. I met the Baloch brothers, sisters there. They were speaking Makrani dialect Balochi, e.g., the Balochi which is spoken in Turbat,Gawadar and Panjgur. In Mombasa, there was also a big street in the name of Baloch. If you would hire a taxis rickshaw and ask for the Balochi Street, so they would directly take you there. Also, there were Mosques of the Baloch people.

In Mombasa, I also met a Baloch women shopkeeper in its coastal city. She was running a store, the Shamsa General Store. “In Balochistan, the Baloch women do not sit and run shops like you,” I said. Then, after that, she looked at me and asked a question wittingly: “Do you like to see your Baloch sister to strech out her hand for begging or she should run a shop and earn money?” Believe me or not: I did not have the answer to utter.

In Uganda, Tanzania and Congo, there also the Balochs were living.

I am also being asked by African Balochs to arrange a cultural conference in Africa to bring Baloch historians there.
I also published my publication about the African Balochs.
OMAN

In Oman, 40 or more than 40 per cent people are Baloch there. Interestingly, Balochs were very educated in Oman. They were pilots, generals, doctors, teachers, brigadiers, engineers, etc. I have published speciall number of Balochi Zind about Oman, Qatar, Behrain, etc.

Baloch of the Arab countries were very proud of being called Al-Baloshi. In Behrain, I met a Baloch women minister, Fatima Al-Baloshi, she told me, “I can not speak Balochi though I love to be called a Baloch.”

In Oman, what do you say about the Balochs’ fight against Portuguese?Image

There is no doubt; Baloch has fought too much against Portuges. War stories of Hamal and Jahind are very famous in Balochi poetry, and if you discuss the fighting role of the Baloch in Oman, its clear when Portuges occupied Omani land and the Sultan of Oman migrated to Makran Balochistan. Baloch cared the Omani sultan as special guest of Balochistan through Balochi tradions. After long stay at Makran, Sultan of Oman requested the baloch to give him lashkar Army to fight against Portuguese. Baloch lashkar fought against Portuguese. At last, they defeated them. Baloch occupied their forts Merani and Jalali. Both forts were build in 1587, 1588. Now they are famous in the name of baloch Worriers Jalal and Meran.

What were the challenges of the Baloch people there?

The challenges of the Balochistan’s Baloch and Balochs of the other countries are alike. For example, health education, literature, language, and culture, of these challenges they would also have there.

Being the editor of a Balochi periodical, how do you see the development of the Balochi language in Balochistan?
For the development of the Balochi language, no one has done any remarkable works so far. It is neither being taught in our schools nor colleges. The government, on the other side, is also not working for its promotion.

In Balochistan, you can find many of the magazines in Urdu, English, but not in Balochi. There are hardly two or three magazines in Balochi.

At the time of Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti as the chief minister, students in Balochistan till primary level would be imparted education in Balochi, Brahui and Pashto. But it was soon finished after his tenure.

Moreover, there is just one Balochi TV channel for the Balochs in the country unlike the Pashtuns, the Punjabis and the Sindhis who have many TV channels in their mother tongue.

For these all, I hold responsible the government because even in your APP (Associate Press of Pakistan). Excluding Balochi, there are news in Pashto, Urdu, English, Arabic, and Sindhi. So, where is the Balochs’ language if they are really considered to be the part of the country?

Does Balochi have readers in Balochistan?

To be honest, Balochi is just being read and written in Balochistan’s Makran belt. I have been publishing the Balochi Zind for more than 10 years from Nushki. But I have failed to make 5 subscribers from Nushki and Dalbandin. Even if you give to them magazine for free they will not still read them in the native place of Mir Gul Khan Naseer, Abdullah Jan Jamaldini,Gawar Malik, Munir Ahmed Badini, etc.

What do you think should be done for the promotion of Balochi? 

It is up to the Baloch nationalists that what to do for its promotion. Unfortunately, our own Baloch nationlists in their own native places deliver speeches in Urdu. They don’t convey their massage to the people in Balochi.

And surprisingly, in Balochistan, we just have PTV-BOLAN in which along with Balochi there is also Pashto, Urdu, etc. I am not against the Pashto language. 60 to70 percent Balochs are in Sindh, but where is the Balochi TV channel in Sindh? Where is the Balochi channel in Punjab? You just see the Pashtuns in Balocistan. You don’t see the Balochs in sindh and Punjab. Language is essentially required. It can never be regained after being lost.

In the future, Balochi and Brahui may be the Museum languages if not paid heed. It must be promoted at any cost.

Balochistan new elected Chief minister Dr Abdul Malik Baloch announced that Balochi, Brahui and Pashto would be started in schools?
That’s a good starting for Balochi and other languages. If Government plays its role for the promotion of Balochi, Brahui and Pashtu languages. It is the recognized fact that all over the world when children are taught in their mother tongue they do not feel reluctant to go school and pick up concepts better. They can also express themselves in a better way.

According to some linguists, small languages, including Balochi and Brahui, will face extinct existence? Is it right?

There are many problem and difficulties faced by Balochi language, because in 21 century, we have only one Daily news paper in Balochi in the name of Nwa-e-watan Balochi, only one TV channel Vash TV and two or three Balochi magazines. There is no Film, theater, dramas in Balochi language. All these are basic things to promote the language and literature.

Does it mean you are hope less from the future of the Balochi language?

I am not hopeless but I think Balochi language and literature require much more work for the promotion of the Balochi language and to compete with other developed languages. Keep one thing in mind, if you lose your land then you can fight and get it, but if you lose your language and culture you can never get it. There are millions of Balochs who are living in Sindh and Punjab. Unfortunately, they have lost their language and Culture.

Image

Balochi Labzanki Dewan is playing very vital role for promotion and development of Balochi language and literature. We arrange many Seminars and conferences regarding Balochi language and literature. We also arrabge literary programs about Baloch intellectuals, writers, poets, journalists, including Azat Jamaldini, Mir Gul Khan Naseer, Ghuhar Malik, Syed Zahoor Shah Hashumi, Ata Shad, Abdul Gafar Nadeem, Haji Abdul Qayyaum, Inayatullah Qumi, Faiz Muhammad Yousafzi, Ghulam Muhammad Shawani, Mir Abdul Aziz Kurd, Mir Yousaf Aziz Magsi, Malik Muhammad Pana, Muhammad Hussain Hunqa, Saba Dashtiari, Nawab Akbar khan Bugti,Ghulam Muhammad Baloch and many others. We also publish special Number of Monthly Balochi zind about them. We also want to arrange National and international Conferences about Balochi language, literature and culture. Also to Promote Balochi music and work for the welfare of the Baloch poet, writers and artists.

You are the honorary council and representative of Turkmenistan in Balochistan. What is your main Aim of your honorary job?

When we first time publish special number regarding Baloch people of Turkmenistan, then I sent a copy to Embassy of Turkmenistan at Islamabad, then Ambassador of Turkmenistan invited us at Islamabad for meeting. When we met Turkmenistan Ambassador at Islamabad, he was happy regarding our literary work about history, culture and traditions of the Baloch people of Turkmenistan. Then our relations increased day by day because more than one hundred Baloch diaspora is living in Turkmenistan. Later the government of Turkmenistan appointed me the honorary council of Turkmenistan at Balochistan. Main aim of this job is to promote the Balochi and Turkmen culture, literature, business, etc. Balochistan is the gateway of Europe and as well as Central Asia. We are trying our best bring both nation close to each other. I translated former president’s book in Balochi language.

Published in The Baloch Hal on June 27, 2013